www.skatelescope.org The Square Kilometre Array, designed to answer big questions of our time, will be one of the largest scientific projects ever undertaken.The Square Kilometre Array, designed to answer big questions of our time, will be one of the largest scientific projects ever undertaken.
www.cern.ch/SLHC-PP/ The SLHC-PP project provides justification of the Large Hadron Collider through the physics results and operational experience.
www.ganil-spiral2.eu/ SPIRAL2 is a linear particle accelerator project for the study of fundamental nuclear physics and multidisciplinary research.
CERN - Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire
CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, is the largest particle physics laboratory in the world and is an international organisation with its headquarters in Switzerland. It is one of Europe's first joint ventures (1954) for fundamental research and technology developments. CERN operates the LHC collider, which is to be upgraded in energy and luminosity at a later date (SLHC). Several options for this upgrade will be investigated in the CRISP project including fast cycling magnets (for the SPS), crab cavities (for the LHC), and a proton driver as a new injector chain completing the Linac4 currently under construction.
CERN has extensive expertise in detector developments, and takes the leading role in the activities related to the development of novel cooling schemes for low-temperature particle detectors. CERN has decades long expertise in IT& data management, acquired by the necessity to handle large amounts of data and make them rapidly available to a user community throughout the world. CERN will lead the IT & Data management topic.
DESY - Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron
Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron Hamburg (DESY) (a Research Centre of the Helmholtz Association)is one of the world leading laboratories for particle physics and photon science. It has long-standing experience in the design and operation of accelerators for high energy physics and synchrotron radiation research. DESY is operating the storage rings DORIS III and PETRA III as well as the free electron laser (FEL) FLASH. All three installations are operating independently for approximately 2200 synchrotron radiation and 200 FEL users per year. FLASH is the first free-electron laser world-wide to produce femtosecond pulses of UV- and soft X-ray radiation with fundamental wavelengths down to ~4 nm. FLASH will be one of the partner facilities of EuroFEL.
DESY has developed the proposal for the European XFEL and is responsible for the construction and future operation of the European XFEL accelerator complex. The European XFEL employs the superconducting RF technique, which has been developed in the TESLA collaboration at DESY. The same technique forms the basis for the technical design of the International Linear Collider (ILC), the next big project for particle physics. DESY’s expertise in this project is represented by ILC-HiGrade, coordinated at DESY. DESY is also the coordinator of Pre-XFEL, ILC-HiGrade, and IRUVX-PP, the preparatory phase projects for the ESFRI-PP projects European XFEL, ILC-Higrade and EuroFEL, respectively.
ESS - European Spallation Source
The European Spallation Source (ESS) project is being realised in the ESS AB, a research organisation in the form of a public shareholding company, at present formally owned by the Swedish and Danish Government, but open for other European countries to join as co-owners. The ESS AB situated in Lund, Sweden, has at present 60 persons in its staff. Within CRISP ESS will participate within the Accelerator topic in the activities related to the superconducting RF cavity developments, and will in particular profit from the CERN test facilities in order to train their own personnel.
ESS will participate within the Instruments & Experiments topic and will provide its expertise in neutron instrumentation (WP11). It will furthermore work closely together with the ILL in the development of a novel neutron detector, where ESS provides its expertise in thin film deposition techniques. Furthermore, ESS shall be participating, as all other partners as well, in the IT & Data management topic.
ESRF - European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
The ESRF is a joint facility set up by an intergovernmental convention, supported and shared by 18 European countries and Israel. It operates the most powerful high energy synchrotron light source in Europe and brings together a wide range of disciplines including physics, chemistry and materials science, biology, medicine, geophysics and archaeology. Many industrial applications also benefit from the ESRF’s expertise, including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, petrochemicals and microelectronics. With some 6400 scientific user visits each year, resulting in more than 1500 refereed publications, the ESRF is recognised as one of the world’s most innovative and productive synchrotron light sources.
The ESRF is the coordinator of the CRISP project, with a long standing expertise in all the four technical topics addressed by CRISP. It takes the lead in work related to the solid state amplifiers, on high-throughput detector data streaming and participates in a large portion of work performed within the IT & Data Management package.
European XFEL - The European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser Facility
The European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser Facility GmbH (European XFEL) leads tasks within the CRISP project in the areas of time-resolved experiments, fast DAQ systems and related data storage and access issues. Based in the Hamburg area, the Company is charged to construct, commission and operate the European XFEL facility. In addition to the European XFEL GmbH several research institutes in the participating countries contribute to the European XFEL project.
Likewise the superconducting electron accelerator is provided by an international accelerator consortium coordinated by DESY, Hamburg. The European XFEL staff primarily works on aspects related to the x-ray and user program. These are x-ray generation, transport, and diagnostics plus the scientific instrumentation including detectors, data acquisition and storage, and sample environments.
FORTH - Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas
The Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas (FORTH) is the parent institute of the Institute of Electronic Structure and Lasers (IESL). IESL consists of the following three research divisions and an administration services team: the Laser and applications, the Materials and structures, and the Theoretical and Computational Physics and Chemistry division. It has about 250 employees. FORTH-IESL has been operating since 1990 as a European Research Infrastructure under the Access to Large Scale Installations Program (LIP, HCM, TMR and IHP) and today as partner of the Laser Lab Europe.
In particular in the field of the generation and exploitation of coherent XUV radiation and atto-second pulses the host institution has a high degree of expertise and prominent international presence from its very birth. FORTH-IESL was one of the first institutions in Europe to initiate and successfully implement research projects in non- linear XUV optics.
GANIL - Grand Accélérateur National d'Ions Lourds
The Grand Accélérateur National d’Ions Lourds (GANIL) founded at Caen, France, in 1983, is as an institute for fundamental research to investigate and consolidate knowledge about the atomic nucleus. The laboratory is operated jointly by the National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (IN2P3) belonging to the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and the Direction des Sciences de la Matière (DSM) of the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA).
The accelerator complex of GANIL comprises Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) ion sources and five cyclotrons: two injectors and two sector-separated cyclotrons put in a cascade delivering stable beams and CIME large-acceptance cyclotron for the acceleration of radioactive ion beams at the SPIRAL facility operating since 2001. GANIL has 245 full-time employees. Each year around 700 researchers from 30 different countries attend GANIL to perform experiments.
GSI - Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung
GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH is a German research institute with more than 1000 employees. It is well recognised as a world leading institute in nuclear structure physics, super heavy elements, plasma physics and applied sciences; and it has a unique role in the planning, design and construction of FAIR. One major recent success was the development of a method for cancer treatment with heavy ions. The IP-portfolio and the know-how of the irradiation technique and facility have been licensed and are further developed in several collaboration contracts with industry. GSI is strongly involved in the Accelerator topic which relies on the experience of GSI with heavy ion acceleration and rapidly cycling superconducting magnets.
GSI is leading the detectors & data acquisition topic. GSI has a long tradition of developing detectors not only for GSI but for example also for ALICE at LHC. GSI also operates a large Tier-2 computing centre for ALICE; within this context GSI will in particular contribute to work within WP16 on the common user identity system.
IFIN-HH - Institutul National de Cercetare-Dezvoltare Pentru Fizica Si Inginerie Nucleara Horia Hulubei
The Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) is one of the most important R&D organisations in Romania, contributing with almost 10% to the national scientific output. The institute is dedicated to the research and development in physical and natural sciences, and is involved in numerous international collaborations in the field of nuclear physics.
IFIN-HH will host the Nuclear Physics Pillar of the ELI European Project, a large scale facility, with an investment of about 300 M€. Within the CRISP project IFIN-HH will contribute with its expertise in nuclear detector technology.
ILL - Institut Laue-Langevin
The Institut Max von Laue - Paul Langevin (ILL) is the world leading facility for neutron techniques, operating a neutron continuous source with the highest neutron flux in the world. It was founded in 1967 by France and Germany; and joined by the UK in 1974. Today ILL is further supported by 12 European countries holding the status of Scientific Members. The mandate of ILL is to operate the neutron source, as well as over 40 specialised neutron instruments covering different research fields in a wide range of scientific topics and societal challenges.
The technical neutron developments achieved at ILL in neutron polarisation techniques, such as spin-echo, neutron delivery system, large area detectors (30-50 m2) and new types of cold and ultra-cold neutron equipment, are widely used in the different neutron facilities around the world. Moreover, the long experience cumulated in data management created in many cases the standard for neutron techniques data analysis.
ILL brings its expertise to the CRISP project, taking a leading position in the Instruments and Experiments group of CRISP, and contributing to most areas of the project, drawing upon the excellence of its neutron instrumentation, research and staff.
INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
The Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) main expertise within CRISP relates to work within the accelerator and detector & data acquisition topic. INFN is an Italian Public Research Institution dependent on the Ministry of University, Education and Research. Since its creation in 1951 INFN acts as a large multidisciplinary organisation, with main focus on fundamental research on Nuclear, Particle and Astroparticle Physics as well as Applied Research. INFN coordinates the Italian contribution to CERN activities and in other HEP laboratories around the world and operates four large National Laboratories: an Underground Research Centre (LNGS under the Gran Sasso mountain) and three laboratories (LNF in Frascati, LNL in Legnaro and LNS in Catania) where well-established accelerator R&D on cutting-edge activities are carried out. In particular, the Frascati laboratory is currently operating a test FEL facility (SPARC), in preparation of the SPARX-FEL facility scheduled to be built in Frascati. INFN is also deeply involved in the ELI-PP project.
IST - Instituto Superior Tecnico
The Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) is the largest school of engineering in Portugal, with long tradition in teaching, and excellence in research, innovation and training activities. The Grupo de Lasers e Plasmas (GoLP) is a research group of Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear (IPFN) at IST. GoLP develops experimental, numerical and theoretical research in plasma science. GoLP has two main facilities: the laboratory for Intense Lasers (L2I) and a massively parallel computational facility.
L2I contains a multi-terawatt laser and an interaction area equipped for high-intensity laser-plasma interaction and the experimental activity includes laser science, electron acceleration, new sources of radiation and plasma diagnostics. The theoretical and numerical activities cover a wide range of laser and plasma science, including plasma based acceleration, compact radiation sources, laser-driven fusion, and astrophysical phenomena.
MTA SZTAKI - Computer and Automation Research Institute Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Magyar Tudomanyos Akademia Szamitastechnikai es Automatizalasi Kutato Intezet (MTA SZTAKI) is one of the largest IT research institutes in the Central European region. Its Laboratory of Parallel and Distributed Systems (LPDS) in MTA SZTAKI, contributing to the CRISP project, has long running experience in establishing and operating production-level Grid infrastructures in several projects for different purposes.
The institute itself plays a leading rule in Grid computing related research, development, and training in Hungary as the founding member of the Hungarian Grid Competence Centre, and as the member of CoreGrid (2004-2008) and S-CUBE (2008-2012) European Networks of Excellence.
SZTAKI LPDS coordinates several European Grid projects in the 7th Framework Programme (EDGI, DEGISCO, SHIWA, SCI-BUS), which are aiming at offering research communities Grid, DesktopGrid and Portal solutions.
PSI - Paul Scherrer Institut
The Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) is the largest research centre for natural and engineering sciences within Switzerland, performing world-class research in: Matter and Material; Energy and the Environment; and Human Health. Within the CRISP project PSI takes the lead in further developing and harmonising work on the common user identity system (WP16), and participates in the other activities of the IT& data management topic, which are all of central importance for this user facility.
It plays a special role as a user laboratory, developing and operating large, complex research facilities within the Swiss research and education landscape. The two large-scale PSI facilities, the Swiss Light Source (SLS) for photon science and the Neutron Spallation Source (SINQ). The PSI X-ray Free Electron Laser (SwissFEL) is a new development in laser and accelerator technology, to go into operation in 2015.
PSI is strongly engaged in several EU projects (e.g. EuroFEL/IRUVX-PP, PaN-Data, Elisa, NMI3), which are aiming at offering to the users of the Photon/Neutron large research facilities novel IT capabilities (authentication, common proposal handling, remote data access, remote experiment login, publication management).
The University of Cambridge
The University of Cambridge (UCAM) hosts one of the most important centres of physics in Europe, especially in the astronomy field. Astronomy research is carried out in the Cavendish Laboratory (Department of Physics), the Institute of Astronomy and theoretical work at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics. Of particular relevance to the CRISP project are the following: - playing a major role in the development of the SKA, in particular designing the software and computing system. (together with the University of Oxford and Manchester) - significant expertise in the field of high-power computing (HPC), in particular in distributed file systems and hardware. - leading role in the development of the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory, hosting the UK project scientist. - Development of calibration and analysis tools for new ALMA observatory in Chile. - substantial and strong research programme in the development of Bayesian data analysis techniques applied to astronomy and cosmology.
UOXF.DB - The University of Oxford
The University of Oxford is one of the world’s leading research universities, and, the Department of Physics is one of the largest physics departments in Europe pursuing forefront research. Research at Oxford spans a wide range of astronomy and astrophysics, from the largest scales in the Universe to observational work on galaxies, stars and planets.
The university’s involvement in the SKA project comprises an interdisciplinary team that is working on the project with appropriate skills in each area. The relevant groups include Astrophysics (within the Physics Department), the Oxford e-Research Centre (OeRC) and the Engineering Department. The Oxford e-Research Centre researches new ICT for problems with scale and complexity, facilitating interdisciplinary research and creating appropriate e-Infrastructure for the support of research.
Università di Roma Sapienza
The University of Rome La Sapienza (ROMA1) is the biggest university in Europe. It consists of 23 Faculties, and about 5000 employees. The Department of Basic and Applied Sciences for Engineering and Physics joins Researchers in the field of general, atomic and nuclear physics, in recent years focusing on FEL photoinjectors for the new generation of coherent radiation sources and laser-based secondary sources.ROMA1 takes part in the SPARC and SPARX collaborations with INFN and ENEA and is participating in the European Projects EuroFEL and ELI.